Gladiatori, schiave, legionari: la grande rievocazione di Nimes

2 maggio

Renowned for her beauty, Cleopatra ruled Ancient Egypt between 51BC to 30BCComplete with gladiator fights, chariot races and a haughty Egyptian pharaoh – this celebration of Roman life was a true feast for the senses.

di Rory Tingle dal Mailonline del 25 aprile 2016

The Great Roman Games in the amphitheatre at Nimes, France, saw tens of thousands of spectators flock to an annual celebration of one of the world’s greatest civilisations. More than 500 volunteers came from all over Europe to act in the event, which is put on to attract tourists interested in Roman history.

Complete with gladiator fights, chariot races and a haughty Egyptian pharaoh - this celebration of Roman life was a true feast for the senses

The Great Roman Games in the amphitheatre at Nimes, France, saw tens of thousands of spectators flock to an annual celebration of one of the world's greatest civilisations

More than 500 volunteers came from all over Europe to act in the event, which is put on to attract tourists interested in Roman history

More than 500 volunteers came from all over Europe to act in the event, which is put on to attract tourists interested in Roman history

Volunteers take part in hand-to-hand combat in Nimes Arena. In the Roman period, gladiators were often slaves who were forced to fight each other to the death

But some gladiators actually ight, and those who were the most successful became rich and famous

But some gladiators actually chose to fight, and those who were the most successful became rich and famous

The Roman Empire is often remembered for its great works of civilisation, such as baths, underfloor heating and mosaics. But the Games celebrated a more brutal side to life under the emperors Although many gladiator fights ended in death, this was not always the case. Sometimes they finished when the crowd were bored or one combatant became seriously injured

The Roman Empire is often remembered for its great works of civilisation, such as baths, underfloor heating and mosaics. But the Games celebrated a more brutal side to life under the emperors

This year – the seventh edition of the event – was themed around Cleopatra, the last queen of Ancient Egypt.

For two hours each day on April 23 and 24, Nimes Arena was packed with over 20,000 spectators enjoying scenes from her life.

Renowned for her beauty, Cleopatra ruled Ancient Egypt between 51BC to 30BC.

She once had a love affair with Julius Caesar which bore a child – although the emperor never acknowledged him as his son.

One of the events re-enacted at the Games was the great naval battle of Actium, fought in the seas off Greece.

Cleopatra fought alongside her lover, the general Mark Anthony, against Octavian, who was Anthony’s rival for the Roman succession.

The success of the Roman army depended on strict discipline. Here, soldiers march in a column behind a row of shields

Visitors were able to watch exhibitions of Roman galleys and demonstrations of military techniques. This included the famous tortoise formation - which involved soldiers placing their shields together to form a protective wall

Visitors were able to watch exhibitions of Roman galleys and demonstrations of military techniques. This included the famous tortoise formation – which involved soldiers placing their shields together to form a protective wall

With the shields locked tightly together, large groups of soldiers could sneak up on enemy cities without suffering excessive casualties

In this stage of the re-enactment, a group of soldiers advances on their enemy holding spears and screaming war cries

Chariot races were a key part of Roman life and often attracted thousands of spectators

Chariot races were a key part of Roman life and often attracted thousands of spectators

This year - the seventh edition of the event - was themed around Cleopatra, (pictured on her chariot) the last queen of Ancient Egypt

This year – the seventh edition of the event – was themed around Cleopatra, (pictured on her chariot) the last queen of Ancient Egypt

For two hours each day on April 23 and 24, Nimes Arena was packed with over 20,000 spectators enjoying scenes from her life

After Octavian’s victory, Mark Anthony and Cleopatra fled and later committed suicide, leading to the imposition of Roman rule in Egypt.

As well as the action inside the amphitheatre, actors walked through the city centre in Roman costume.

Visitors were able to watch exhibitions of Roman galleys and demonstrations of military techniques, including the famous tortoise formation – which involved soldiers placing their shields together to form a protective wall.

Often called the ‘Rome of France’, the city of Nimes boasts some of the world’s best preserved Roman monuments.

In addition to the amphitheatre – which was built by Emperor Hadrian some 2,000 years ago – the city boasts the Tour Magne, a ruined tower, the Maison Carrée, a small temple, and gardens built around the remains of a Roman baths.

Renowned for her beauty, Cleopatra ruled Ancient Egypt between 51BC to 30BC She once had a love affair with Julius Caesar which bore a child - although the emperor never acknowledged him as his son

Renowned for her beauty, Cleopatra ruled Ancient Egypt between 51BC to 30BC

This scene shows the moment the pharaoh committed suicide, leaving the Romans as the ruling power in Egypt

This scene shows the moment the pharaoh committed suicide, leaving the Romans as the ruling power in Egypt

One of the events re-enacted at the Games was the great naval battle of Actium, fought in the seas off Greece

One of the events re-enacted at the Games was the great naval battle of Actium, fought in the seas off Greece

Cleopatra fought alongside her lover, the general Mark Anthony, against Octavian, who was Anthony's rival for the Roman succession

After Octavian's victory, Mark Anthony and Cleopatra fled and later committed suicide, leading to the imposition of Roman rule in Egypt

After Octavian’s victory, Mark Anthony and Cleopatra fled and later committed suicide, leading to the imposition of Roman rule in Egypt

Only men could be soldiers in the Roman army, and most soldiers actually came from outside Italy There were Roman soldiers from France, Germany, the Balkans and Spain as well as Africa and the Middle East
The red flag in the background is a standard. Each legion had its own standard, which was always taken into battle

The red flag in the background is a standard. Each legion had its own standard, which was always taken into battle

Roman cavalry soldiers sometimes worn helmets. These were often highly decorated and embellished with precious metals

Roman standard bearers were fiercely protected by their legion, as losing the standard to the enemy was seen as a calamity

Standard bearers wore animal skins over their uniforms with the animal's head still attached

Standard bearers wore animal skins over their uniforms with the animal’s head still attached

Often called the ‘Rome of France’, the city of Nimes boasts some of the world’s best preserved Roman monuments

As well as the amphitheatre - which was built by Emperor Hadrian some 2,000 years ago, the city boasts the Tour Magne, a ruined tower, the Maison Carrée, a small temple, and gardens built around the remains of a Roman baths

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